Pubmed du 3/07/09

lundi 6 juillet 2009

1. Black DO, Wallace GL, Sokoloff JL, Kenworthy L. Brief Report : IQ Split Predicts Social Symptoms and Communication Abilities in High-Functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord ;2009 (Jul 2)

We investigated the relationship of discrepancies between VIQ and NVIQ (IQ split) to autism symptoms and adaptive behavior in a sample of high-functioning (mean FSIQ = 98.5) school-age children with autism spectrum disorders divided into three groups : discrepantly high VIQ (n = 18) ; discrepantly high NVIQ (n = 24) ; and equivalent VIQ and NVIQ (n = 36). Discrepantly high VIQ and NVIQ were associated with autism social symptoms but not communication symptoms or repetitive behaviors. Higher VIQ and NVIQ were associated with better adaptive communication but not socialization or Daily Living Skills. IQ discrepancy may be an important phenotypic marker in autism. Although better verbal abilities are associated with better functional outcomes in autism, discrepantly high VIQ in high-functioning children may also be associated with social difficulties.

2. Smith A. Emotional Empathy in Autism Spectrum Conditions : Weak, Intact, or Heightened ? J Autism Dev Disord ;2009 (Jul 2)

3. Vernon M, Rhodes A. Deafness and autistic spectrum disorders. Am Ann Deaf ;2009 (Spring) ;154(1):5-14.

An orientation to autistic spectrum disorders (ASD), also known as autism, is provided, and the specific syndrome of autism and deafness is addressed. The two conditions have in common a major problem : communication. Case histories are provided, the development of treatment for autism is discussed, and the separate disorders that make up ASD are defined. Important medical conditions often present in ASD are named, and their roles in treatment and diagnosis are described. Because autism is generally regarded as increasing in prevalence, some say to epidemic proportions, there is an increase in children who are both deaf and autistic. The resulting pressure on day and residential school programs for the Deaf to accept and educate these difficult, multiply disabled children is increasing. The parents of autistic children are a sophisticated, politically active group who are demanding services through legal and legislative means, among others.


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