Article: texte impriméEmpathic accuracy in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder / Ellen DEMURIE in Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5-1 (January-March 2011) Ouvrir le lien
[article] 
in Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders > 5-1 (January-March 2011) . - p.126-134
Titre :Empathic accuracy in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Type de document : texte imprimé
Auteurs : Ellen DEMURIE, Auteur ; Herbert ROEYERS, Auteur ; Maaike DE COREL, Auteur
Article en page(s) : p.126-134
Langues :Anglais (eng)
Mots-clés : Autism ADHD Empathic-accuracy Perspective-taking Social-cognition
Index. décimale : PER Périodiques
Résumé : In research on theory of mind (ToM) in individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) mainly static mind-reading tasks were used. In this study both a static (Eyes Test) and a more naturalistic (empathic accuracy task) ToM measure were used to investigate the perspective taking abilities of adolescents with ASD (n = 13), adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 13) and typically developing adolescents (n = 18). An innovative aspect concerns the standard stimulus tapes of the empathic accuracy task, which showed interactions between dyads of one adolescent with ADHD and one adolescent without ADHD. In this way, we were able to compare the ‘readability’ of the thoughts and feelings of adolescents with and without ADHD. The results clearly demonstrate the impairment in perspective taking abilities of adolescents with ASD, both on the static and naturalistic mind-reading task. Moreover, the empathic accuracy task seems to be a useful and promising method to assess ToM abilities in adolescents, with or without clinical problems. Finally, thoughts and feelings of target persons with ADHD seemed to be less easy to read than the thoughts and feelings of typically developing target persons.
En ligne : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2010.03.002
Permalink :http://www.cra-rhone-alpes.org/cid/opac_css/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=1114

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