Article: texte impriméCollege students on the autism spectrum: Prevalence and associated problems / Susan Williams WHITE in Autism, 15-6 (November 2011) Ouvrir le lien
in Autism > 15-6 (November 2011) . - p.683-701
Titre :College students on the autism spectrum: Prevalence and associated problems
Type de document : texte imprimé
Auteurs : Susan Williams WHITE, Auteur ; Thomas H. OLLENDICK, Auteur ; Bethany C. BRAY, Auteur
Année de publication : 2011
Article en page(s) : p.683-701
Langues :Anglais (eng)
Mots-clés : adult  autism  college student  social anxiety
Index. décimale : PER Périodiques
Résumé : As more young people are identified with autism spectrum diagnoses without co-occurring intellectual disability (i.e. high-functioning autism spectrum disorder; HFASD), it is imperative that we begin to study the needs of this population. We sought to gain a preliminary estimate of the scope of the problem and to examine psychiatric risks associated HFASD symptoms in university students. In a large sample (n = 667), we examined prevalence of ASD in students at a single university both diagnostically and dimensionally, and surveyed students on other behavioral and psychiatric problems. Dependent upon the ascertainment method, between .7 per cent and 1.9 per cent of college students could meet criteria for HFASD. Of special interest, none of the students who were found to meet diagnostic criteria (n = 5) formally for HFASD in this study had been previously diagnosed. From a dimensional perspective, those students scoring above the clinical threshold for symptoms of autism (n = 13) self-reported more problems with social anxiety than a matched comparison group of students with lower autism severity scores. In addition, symptoms of HFASD were significantly correlated with symptoms of social anxiety, as well as depression and aggression. Findings demonstrate the importance of screening for autism-related impairment among university students.
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